I was at the gym recently and I was offered a free training session with one of the new trainers. I declined stating I had kines experience and was following my own program. What I mean by that is I did my undergrad in Kinesiology (Health and Exercise Physiology) which left me with the knowledge of how to put together exercise programs and how to work out properly.
She mentioned that it seemed like everyone she was soliciting had a similar background. I thought that could be an interesting indicator that the more knowledge you have about the benefits of exercise, the more you are motivated to do it.
So, here we are with a post about exercise and my hope is that it will help spur your motivation to get moving!
It can improve your health on all levels. We’re not just talking about being fitter and stronger. We’re talking about overall health and longevity.
Regular exercise improves your heart health, brain health, muscle and bone health, diabetes, and arthritis. Beyond those, it also reduces stress, boosts moods, increases your energy, and can improve your sleep. And exercise prevents death from any cause (“all cause mortality”).
The benefits of exercise come from improving blood flow, and reducing inflammation and blood sugar levels. They come from moving your muscles (including your heart muscle) and pulling on your bones.
You don’t need to go overboard on exercise to get these amazing health results. As little as 30 minutes of moderate activity 5 days/week is enough.
And you don’t have to do a particular kind of exercise. All four types of exercise have health benefits (though not all the same ones). They are:
- Endurance (brisk walking, jogging, yard work, dancing, aerobics, cycling, swimming)
- Strength (climbing stairs, carrying groceries, lifting weights, using a resistance band or your body weight, Pilates)
- Balance (standing on one foot, Tai Chi)
- Flexibility (stretching, yoga)
Don’t forget, all exercise counts, even if it’s not doing a sport or in a gym. Weekend hikes, walking to the store and doing household chores also count towards your weekly exercise goal.
Let me take a minute to prove to you how healthy exercise really is. Here are a few key points.
Exercise for heart health
Exercise reduced cardiac mortality by 31% in middle aged men who previously had a heart attack.
Regular exercise reduces blood pressure in people with hypertension (high blood pressure).
Exercise for brain health
Exercise can improve physical function and quality of life in people with Parkinson’s disease. It also reduces changes in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
Exercise improved mental functions by increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). BDNF is involved in learning and memory. It also increases the size of the part of the brain for memory and learning (the “hippocampus”); this was shown mostly with aerobic exercise.
Did you know that Alzheimer’s disease is now considered type 3 diabetes, due to chronic insulin resistance? Exercise helps to increase insulin sensitivity, meaning it helps us use the carbohydrates we eat for energy, instead of letting them cause inflammation.
Exercise for muscle and bone health
Regular physical activity can help maintain strong muscles and bones; this is particularly true for strength exercises. As we age, we naturally start to lose muscle mass and bone density. So, to prevent osteoporosis, exercise regularly doing weight-bearing exercises like jogging and lifting weights.
PRO TIP: And don’t forget that balance exercises and Tai Chi can help prevent falls.
Exercise for diabetes
As mentioned above, people with diabetes who exercise have better insulin sensitivity and HbA1C values (the marker of glycemic control).
Exercise does this because by contracting your muscles, you’re fueling them with sugar in your blood. This helps to manage blood sugar levels better than without exercise.
These are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the health benefits of exercise. By doing just 30 minutes 5 days/week, you can vastly improve your health. Since there are different benefits for different types, try mixing up what you do throughout the week. You don’t even need an “official” workout. Walking to the grocery store or doing household chores can count too.
If you’re just starting, then pick something you enjoy, get some accountability (exercise tracker or a buddy), and start.
What’s your favourite exercise and how often do you do it?
Recipe (exercise recovery): Coconut Water Refresher
- 1 cup coconut water
- 2 cups watermelon
- ½ tsp lime juice
- 1 dash salt
- 1 cup ice
- 2 tbsp chia seeds (optional)
- Blend the first four ingredients until well mixed. Add ice and pulse until ice is crushed.
- Pour into glasses or water bottle and add chia seeds. Shake/stir before drinking.
- Serve & enjoy!
- Tip: The chia seeds add extra fiber, protein, and omega-3s.
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